How Diet Affects Health - Choice Diets

How Diet Affects Health

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how diet affects health

Diet is a huge part of your health. It can affect your energy levels, moods, and even your heart health!

Healthy diets contain lots of whole foods. These include vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds. They also include lean meats, low-fat dairy products, and fish.


Protein is an essential nutrient that helps your body build and repair cells. It also aids in digestion and helps your body use other nutrients.

A healthy diet should contain a variety of protein foods, including meat, fish, eggs, nuts and seeds. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that protein should make up 10-35% of an adult’s daily calorie intake.

Your body uses protein to create enzymes, which are needed for digesting food and making new chemicals. It also helps carry oxygen through your bloodstream.

Some of the amino acids in proteins can help your brain and other organs work better. For example, the amino acid tryptophan increases serotonin production. This can reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Other amino acids help your body produce hormones that regulate the growth and development of new cells. During puberty, for example, proteins can affect the development of your hair and nails.

You can get all the amino acids your body needs from a variety of foods, but it’s important to eat them in a balanced way. Some of these amino acids are essential, while others are nonessential.

A balanced meal should include a mix of proteins that have all of the nine essential amino acids. These foods are called complete proteins. They can be found in meat and dairy products, quinoa, hemp seeds and chia seeds.

Eating protein with each of your meals is the best way to meet your daily requirements. But if you’re on a restricted diet or can’t eat enough proteins at each meal, a high-protein snack can be helpful.

When deciding on protein sources, make sure to choose lean or low-fat meats and poultry, as well as fish. These choices are higher in healthy fatty acids and lower in methylmercury, which can cause health problems in some people.

If you’re trying to lose weight, protein can also boost your metabolism and lead to faster, more effective weight loss. In addition, eating high-quality protein can help you feel full longer and less likely to overeat.

The most common source of protein is meats and poultry, but it’s also found in milk, yogurt, cheese, nuts, seeds, beans and legumes. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend getting 15-30 grams of protein per day, depending on your height and activity level.


The human body needs fats to produce energy and to provide the building blocks for cell membranes, nerve tissue, hormones and other proteins. It also stores fat to use when the body isn’t able to produce enough fuel.

The types of fats we eat can affect our health in a variety of ways. Some are healthy and can help lower blood cholesterol levels or reduce the risk of heart disease, but other fats can be unhealthy and raise your LDL ‘bad’ cholesterol levels and suppress your HDL ‘good’ cholesterol.

Saturated fats are the type of fat found in high-fat dairy products, meat and baked goods such as pastries, cookies, biscuits and pizza. These fats are more solid at room temperature than unsaturated fats, because the triglycerides in saturated fats are straight and pack together well.

These fats are generally good for you if they are consumed in moderation, but too much can lead to a number of health problems including increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The American Heart Association recommends that you limit your daily intake of saturated fats to less than 10% of your total calories.

Polyunsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature and can be found in foods from plants such as nuts, seeds, canola oil and avocados. They can decrease the risk of heart disease and improve the health of your arteries, helping to prevent blood clots and protect against strokes.

Monounsaturated fats are liquid at low temperatures and can be found in oils from plant sources such as safflower, sesame, peanut, flaxseed, soybean, pumpkin and olive oils. These fats can improve the health of your arteries, help lower your blood cholesterol levels and ease inflammation.

Omega-3 fatty acids are another type of unsaturated fat that can lower the risk of heart disease and improve your overall health. They are found in certain fish such as salmon, sardines, tuna and trout.

The best way to keep your weight in check is to limit the amount of dietary fat you eat and choose healthier options. For example, eat more whole, unprocessed foods such as fruits, vegetables and lean protein. Avoid fried and processed foods, which are often higher in fat.


Salt, also known as sodium chloride, is a key component of our diets. It is essential for the functioning of our bodies and has many health benefits, including helping to maintain a healthy balance of water and minerals in the body. However, too much salt can cause health problems, such as high blood pressure.

In the United States, the average adult consumes about 3,400 milligrams of salt a day, which is about three-fourths of the recommended daily intake. People consume this amount from a wide variety of sources, including ready meals, processed foods, salty snacks and instant noodles.

For some people, reducing the amount of salt they eat can lead to weight loss, better blood pressure control and reduced risk of heart disease, kidney disease and stroke. In fact, the American Dietetic Association recommends limiting the amount of salt you eat to 2,300 milligrams a day for women and 1,500 mg a day for men.

The best way to keep salt in check is to eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, which contain potassium, a mineral that helps regulate blood pressure. You can also replace salty snacks with low-salt versions, such as hummus, popcorn or veggie sticks.

Another easy step to take is to look at the packaging on foods you buy. Make sure it has a warning label that states how much salt is in the product. If it doesn’t, don’t buy the product!

It’s also worth looking for bread that is made from whole wheat flour and has at least two grams of fibre per slice. Avoid products that are made with white flour and have very little fiber in them, as this can cause you to feel bloated.

Eating less processed foods is also important for your health. These include fried food, packaged snacks, ready-meals and fast-food. These often contain a lot of sugar, preservatives and other ingredients that can contribute to health problems such as high cholesterol and weight gain.

Getting enough calcium is also important for your health, so be sure to consume a good amount of dairy and cheese. Other dietary sources of calcium are yogurt, soy milk and almonds.


Carbohydrates are one of three macronutrients – also called nutrients – that your body needs in large amounts to maintain health. The other two are protein and fats. The amount of carbs you consume depends on your age, body size and activity level.

The main type of carbohydrates you’ll find in your diet are sugars, starches and fiber. These nutrients are found in all types of foods and they provide energy for the body to function properly.

According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, most adults should get 45 to 65 percent of their calories from carbohydrates. This includes both simple and complex carbs.

Those who are trying to lose weight or control their blood sugar should choose carbs that contain a lot of dietary fiber and are less processed than those with added sugars, such as candy, sodas and syrups.

Fruits, vegetables and whole grains are good sources of complex carbohydrates. These plant-based foods are naturally high in fiber, vitamins and minerals, so they have a positive impact on health.

These foods also slow down the digestion of sugars, making them less likely to cause a spike in blood sugar levels and more likely to give you sustained energy. In addition, these fiber-rich foods may help lower your risk for chronic diseases like diabetes and heart disease.

A high-carbohydrate diet can cause your blood sugar to rise quickly and can make you feel tired after eating. However, if you eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy, you can enjoy the benefits of carbs without worrying about your blood sugar.

When it comes to carbohydrate quality, a number of factors play a role, including glycemic index, fibre content, total and added sugars. Changing your carbohydrate intake may increase or decrease the risk of health problems, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease and certain cancers.

The best types of carbs for your body are those that are naturally rich in fiber, vitamin and mineral content and don’t have processed or refined sugars. These are found in many different fruits and vegetables, whole grains such as oatmeal, 100% whole-wheat breads and cereals, legumes (like beans), nuts and seeds.

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